感悟健康 外科醫生警告電子煙可能損害...

外科醫生警告電子煙可能損害大腦

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【新三才編譯首發】美國外科醫生傑羅姆·亞當斯(Jerome Adams)12月18日針對市場流行的電子煙品牌Juul提出警告,他說電子煙可能導致終生成癮,並且會損害大腦發育和損害肺部。

「我們需要保護我們的孩子免受所有煙草產品的侵害,包括各種形狀和大小的電子煙。」亞當斯在一份諮詢報告中說。「每個人都可以在保護我們國家的年輕人免受電子煙風險方面發揮重要作用。」

Juul目前掌控著70%的電子煙市場,其形狀看起來像是一個USB閃存驅動器,並且在青少年中很受歡迎。亞當斯說,一支稱為「豆莢」的典型電子煙,與一包香煙的尼古丁含量大致相同。

該報告是在12月17日發布的青少年使用調查之後發布的,該調查顯示,與2017年相比,2018年多出130萬名青少年嘗試過電子煙。

「在我們使用的數據中,我們從未見過美國年輕人使用任何東西的速度與電子煙使用量的增長一樣快。」美國健康與人類服務部長Alex Azar在一份聲明中說。

他說,他擔心吸食會導致青少年轉向傳統香煙,傳統香煙仍然是美國可預防死亡的主要原因。

即使食品和藥物管理局(FDA)正在打擊電子煙,但是卻有更多的青少年在使用電子煙。FDA局長斯科特·戈特利布(Scott Gottlieb)已經推出了一系列旨在遏制青少年吸電子煙的提案,包括限制接觸調味的電子煙。

包括公共衛生部門成員在內的反對者長期以來一直指責電子煙針對青少年,因為它們有多種口味,旨在模仿水果或甜點。FDA計劃禁止在便利店和加油站銷售某些口味的電子煙。這意味著某些口味只能在專業的電子煙商店出售。FDA還將要求在銷售設備的網站上進行年齡驗證。

Juul是一家位於舊金山的新創公司,已關閉其社交媒體賬戶,現在只通過年齡驗證在線銷售其調味「豆莢」(電子煙)。

FDA提案的批評者擔心,減少電子煙的供應將導致人們轉向傳統捲菸,從而反轉已經取得創紀錄低吸煙率的重大公共衛生步伐。

(編譯:王明真)

(責任編輯:姜啟明)

(文章來源:新三才編譯首發)

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