文學藝術 新三才精華回顧:敦煌「雙頭...

新三才精華回顧:敦煌「雙頭佛像」的由來

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【新三才精華回顧】參觀過敦煌莫高窟的人,會看到第237窟中,中唐時彩繪雙頭佛像。雖歷經一千多年,佛像依然色彩斑斕,形象逼真,令人敬仰。說起來這還有一段感人至深的故事呢。

古印度犍馱羅國有兩個篤信佛法的人,都很貧窮。但他們每時每刻都在想着,多出力掙錢,實現他們一生最大的理想——在廟堂中用自己的錢,彩繪一尊佛像,以此來表達敬佛的誠意。他們起早貪黑,一個人幹兩個人的活,省吃儉用,就這樣辛辛苦苦地過了幾年,各自積攢了一枚小小的金錢。

這一天,兩個人高高興興的來到廟裡,請求一位畫工給他彩畫佛像,發抖的手捧着自己用血汗換來的小金錢,對畫工至誠地說:「好心的畫工師傅,我們很早就希望能彩畫一尊佛祖金容,可是,我們總是窮的衣不蔽體,食不果腹,這幾年靠當僱工攢了一個小錢。看來,我這一生再也無法有更多的積蓄了,就用這兩枚錢請你給我們各自畫一尊佛像吧。」畫工想,這兩枚連買顏料都不夠啊!怎能畫兩尊佛像呢?但是被他們的赤誠所感動,也就不再討價還價,答應了他們的要求。

畫工搭上自己的錢,購買上等丹青,獨具匠心的構思,拿出最高技藝,要把兩個窮人的衷心誠意凝聚溶入一幅小小的畫像中。如此一想,他就感到從來沒有像現在如此流暢,佛的形像從來也沒有像現在筆下的這樣逼真,他全神貫注揮筆繪畫,不幾天就完工了。看着殊勝莊嚴的佛像,竟不敢相信是自己的手筆,一心為了窮兄弟,自己能畫出這樣的精彩的佛像而感到無限的欣慰。

過了十幾天,兩個窮人高興地來觀像禮佛。畫工指着他的得意之作說:「兄弟,這就我為你們畫的佛像,你們一定會滿意的。」兩個窮人看着,相對而視,不發一言。畫工看出了他們的心理活動,向他們解釋道:「我們都是窮兄弟,我沒貪你們的錢,說實話,兩個錢不夠這幅像的顏料錢,更不說工錢了。我是把我的心意和技巧都融化在佛像上了。」

話音未落,奇蹟出現了,只見佛像放射出耀眼的光芒,形成一輪金色的光環,照亮了整個廟堂。他們更驚奇的是,看見佛像在徐徐移動,分成兩個一模一樣的佛,交相輝映,奇彩眩目。過了一會兒,漸漸的合二為一,定格成為一幅兩個佛頭共處一身的奇異妙像,殊勝無比。畫工和兩個窮人跪倒在地,頂禮膜拜。之後,三個人都皈依佛法,在此廟裡出家修行了。

從此,在這個寺廟,瞻仰雙頭佛像的善男信女絡繹不絕,香火常年不斷。

來源:《大西域記卷二》

責任編輯:姜啟明

文章來源:新三才

【新三才精華回顧,為您精選、品味精華、回顧精彩,轉載請註明新三才】

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