世界之窗 文藝復興:藝術家將一堵牆化...

文藝復興:藝術家將一堵牆化為傑作

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【新三才首發】令人印象最深刻的壁畫藝術可在佛羅倫斯Santa Felicita的卡波尼教堂(Cappella Capponi)找到。

這座教堂始建於西元前4世紀,使其成為佛羅倫斯第二古老的教堂。費魯南多.魯傑裡(Ferdinando Ruggieri) (1691-1741)於1739年完成了對教堂內部的裝修,使其呈現出現在的格局。

祭壇上的畫像——「耶穌下葬」(Deposition From the Cross)被稱為城內最奇特的藝術。部分原因是由於義大利文藝復興畫家蓬托莫(Jacopo Pontormo)(1494-1557)隱藏了其正在創作中的畫作。他將教堂的部分畫作封存三年之久,直至1528年祭壇上的畫作最終完成。

如今這幅油畫被看作是一幅經久不衰的佳作。作品展示了在猶太人的建議下羅馬帝國迫害耶穌後信徒對耶穌之死的哀悼。這幅在木頭上創作的油畫被稱作「悲傷人的舞蹈」(Whirling Dance of the Grief-stricken)。看不到十字架,也看不到人間的景象。只有一朵雲、黑暗的土地,以及陰暗的天空為背景下皺巴巴的床單。

與哀悼者艱難地抬著耶穌的身體形成強烈的反差(耶穌為了承擔人類的罪惡而死),油畫以明亮的粉色為和帶有磁性的藍色為底色,展示人對神的信念。油畫的最右邊是一個有著彎曲鬍子的年輕人,他被視為是蓬托莫的自畫像。

油畫所位在的卡波尼教堂最初是由義大利設計師Filippo Brunelleschi設計和建造。卡波尼家族於1525年買下了教堂,並請蓬托莫與其學徒Agnolotti Bronzino(1503-72)在牆壁上繪畫。

Bronzino 出生於Monticelli,年少時在蓬托莫的油畫作坊開始了學徒生涯。隨著Bronzino長大,他曾做過油畫起草者、詩人、畫家和擅長描繪人物心態的油畫家。

儘管他是佛羅倫斯著名的油畫家,他美麗的畫作並沒有被深入地研究,而且很少向公眾展示。

教堂的油畫平日從上午9點到深夜12點都可觀賞,聖日則是從上午9點到下午1點鐘開放。

(作者: 博瑞馳)

(責任編輯:姜啟明)

(文章來源:新三才首發)

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