史海鈎沉 美國第41任總統老布什逝世...

美國第41任總統老布什逝世,享年94歲

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【新三才編譯首發】1989年至1993年期間擔任美國總統的喬治·H·W·布什(人們習慣稱為老布什),也就是美國總統喬治·W·布什的父親,也是二戰老兵和前中央情報局局長,於11月30日去世,享年94歲。

老布什於當天晚上10點10分在德克薩斯州休斯頓去世。據他的發言人Jim McGrath表示,葬禮安排將「盡快公佈」。老布什近年來的健康狀況不佳,但在90歲生日時還能夠跳降落傘。在他生命的最後一周,前總統巴拉克·奧巴馬(Barack Obama)訪問了他,並與他建立了溫暖的關係。

前總統喬治·W·布什在一份聲明中說:「傑布、尼爾、馬文、多羅和我很遺憾地宣布,經過94年的輝煌歲月,我們親愛的爸爸已經去世了。喬治H.W.布什是一個性格崇高的人,也是兒子或女兒可以要求的最好的父親。整個布什家庭都非常感激他的生命和愛,感謝那些關心和祈禱爸爸的人,以及我們朋友和同胞的哀悼。」

喬治·H·W·布什出生於1924年,曾擔任美國第41任總統,任期一屆。1992年競選連任時輸給比爾·克林頓(Bill Clinton),以及擔任羅納德·雷根(Ronald Reagan)總統的第43任副總統。他是康涅狄格州參議員普雷斯科特·布什(Prescott Bush)的兒子,並成為他共和黨家族的族長,他是前總統喬治·W·布什和前佛羅里達州州長傑布·布什(Jeb Bush)的父親。

在他多變的政治生涯中,他曾擔任德克薩斯州議員、聯合國大使、駐華大使和共和黨全國委員會主席。作為總統,他指揮美國軍隊在成功的波灣戰爭中取得了勝利,並簽署1990年美國殘疾人法案和1990年的移民法案。他任命了兩名最高法院法官,並在創建北美自由貿易協定方面發揮了不可或缺的作用。他主持了冷戰的結束、蘇聯的解體以及南非種族隔離的崩潰。

在進入政壇之前,他從菲利普斯學院畢業後不久就進入美國海軍服役,並且在第二次世界大戰中作戰。他一度是美國最年輕的海軍飛行員。

1944年9月20歲時,他的飛機在太平洋被擊落。他參加了對東京以南700英里的小島Chichijima的猛烈襲擊,並且是唯一能夠逃避日本人捕獲的飛行員。戰爭結束後,他與芭芭拉·皮爾斯(Barbara Pierce)結婚,皮爾斯畢業於耶魯大學,後來成為一名受歡迎的第一夫人。

他的長期婚姻是現代政治中最引人注目的婚姻之一。在4月份給她的悼詞中,傑布·布什在他們的婚禮紀念日上讀了一封父親給他母親的情書。「我爬上了世界上最高的山峰,但即使這樣也不能因此就可以成為芭芭拉的丈夫。」布什從父親的信中讀到。

布什主導了美國在波灣戰爭中的迅速勝利,也就是知名的「沙漠風暴行動」。該行動讓伊拉克撤出科威特,也讓他的支持率達到了90%。

但對於他的外交成功,布什被視為對國內事務毫無建樹。他違背了不提高稅收的承諾,因此激怒了保守派。由於1990年至91年的經濟衰退,他失去了大部分的民眾支持,引此而連任失利。

(編譯:王明真)

(責任編輯:姜啟明)

(文章來源:新三才編譯首發)

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