國際要聞 川普對中共最新貿易法應謹慎...

川普對中共最新貿易法應謹慎評估

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【新三才編譯首發】在上個週末,中共發布了擬議的外國投資法草案。從理論上講,這似乎是美國與中共達成貿易協議的一個良好開端,但實際上,它對中共的做法幾乎沒有什麼改變。更廣泛地說,它提供了中共可能會向川普提出哪種提案以便結束正在進行的貿易爭端。

雖然中共否認強迫技術轉讓發生,但外國技術因中共盜竊所造成的損失達數千億美元,並削弱了美國公司的競爭力。中共雖然一再聲稱它有保護知識產權,並且有取得了進展,但知識產權的盜竊,包括商標侵權和未能打擊假貨,仍然是一個問題。

該法案似乎將採取措施解決這些問題。「強制技術轉讓」——要求外國公司向中國公司提供重要技術以進入中國市場的做法——將是非法的。該法案還號稱要加強知識產權保護。

然而,法律上要求技術移轉是自願的,對於阻止技術轉移幾乎沒有作用。這種做法與法律關係不大,而是中國地方政府和企業通過控制外國進入利潤豐厚中國市場的槓桿作用。只要中國保持封閉和嚴格控制的經濟,外國企業將依賴渴望技術的中國合作夥伴。中國國家主席習近平反而強調了對國有企業和國家經濟實力的需求,而不是表示願意改變這種狀態。

而且,即使法律已經頒布。政府不太可能優先執行針對中國公司和中國國家的執法,這些公司往往是同一件事。事實上,中國長期以來一直有書面上的知識產權法,但還沒有採取足夠的措施加以執行。由中國共產黨所控制的法院根本無法可言。

更糟糕的是,擬議的規則忽視了外國公司通過充滿政治壓力和透明度很低的過程獲得監管批准的必要性。這種疏忽使企業容易受到交付技術的壓力,以便順利完成他們已投資的項目和合作夥伴關係。

那麼,這種草案對川普政府意味著什麼呢?

關稅「休戰」將於3月1日到期後,川普可能會面臨兩個令人尷尬的選擇:是要選一個聽起來不錯但很大程度上只有像徵意義的交易,或者繼續進行貿易戰?

如果川普選擇接受中共提案的立法而停止貿易戰,那他就不應該抱有任何幻想,因為這實際上不會阻止中共的違法行為。

(編譯:王明真)

(責任編輯:姜啟明)

(文章來源:新三才編譯首發)

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