民風民俗 古代兒童的稱呼

古代兒童的稱呼

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【新三才訊】《禮記》記載,10年以下的幼年,相當於現代少兒階段;20歲則是未成年與成年的分界線。20歲以下都是未成年,比現在18歲以下要高出2歲。到20歲即成年,要行“冠禮”。冠禮是中國古代特有的成年禮儀,又稱“成丁禮”,早期相當隆重,家人、親友、鄉村長老都要參加的。

古代未成年人都有哪些叫法?男孩15歲是束髮之年,為何要束髮?古代未成年人都有哪些稱呼?說起來那就太豐富了。最常見的是,古人喜歡拿孩子頭發來說事,通過髮型、髮式,來區別不同年齡段的未成年人。

“鬌”,指一個人出生後第一次剪髮,也是嬰兒期髮型。一般在孩子三個月大時,挑個好日子為孩子剪髮:男孩子留囪角,女孩留頂發;或者男孩留左邊,女孩留右邊。此即《禮記·內則》所謂:“三月之末,日剪髮為鬌,男角女羈,否則男左女右。”另外,“孩乳”、“繈褓”、“孩抱”等也是指嬰兒期的孩子。

古代孩子常留下垂至眉的短頭髮,這叫“髦”,因此兒童有了“童髦”的代稱。

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