他鄉異客 外籍創業家「簽證」 生效前...

外籍創業家「簽證」 生效前一周被叫停

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【新三才訊】國土安全部(DHS)10日在聯邦公報(Federal Register)表示,將於11日發布「延期執行『國際創業家條例』(International Entrepreneur Rule)」的通知,將於7月17日生效的「外籍創業者合法留美許可(parole)」,俗稱創業家「簽證」,將被推遲到明年3月18日。

DHS稱此舉是依照川普總統在今年1月25日簽署的行政令「改善邊境安全及移民執行」(Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements),並表示將提案廢除整個創業家條例。

「國際創業家條例」於今年年初、在歐巴馬政府的最後幾日發布,將給符合資格的外籍創業者發放合法留美的臨時許可,最長可在美停留五年。創業家「簽證」申請者需是近五年內在美創辦合法作業的公司,且具快速發展和創造就業的潛力;申請人需在該初創公司擁有至少10%股權,且在公司運營及發展中擔任重要角色;該初創企業須在一年內獲得美國投資人或機構的至少25萬元投資,或政府撥予的10萬元以上資金。如果通過,申請人及其配偶、未婚或未成年子女則可獲發30個月,即兩年半的臨時留美許可,但只有其配偶能申請工作許可。

然而,DHS在通告中指出,仔細研讀總統行政令後,決定延遲執行創業家條例。其原因是該行政令要求DHS部長採取合適行動,以確保發放留美許可(parole)的當局是依照「移民與國籍法」(INA)的212(d)(5)條例作業,即以具體個案為基礎,只有在申請人顯示出急迫人道原因或留美許可將帶來極大公共利益時,才予以發放。

「國際創業家條例」亦更改驗證雇員身分及工作許可的I-9表格,將「美國公民海外出生證」的FS-240表格列入I-9驗證的可接受文件之列,但因該規定與創業家留美許可無關,因此將豁免於7月17日生效;但其餘所有創業家條例都將被延至明年3月18日。

此消息已在創業社區引起強烈反彈,本月組織近80個團體致信白宮、要求保留創業家「簽證」的全美創投協會(NVCA),稱該決定令人失望透頂。NVCA主席富蘭克林(Bobby Franklin)說,在全球各國都在想盡辦法吸引人才、開辦創新公司的時代,川普政府卻釋放完全相反的信號。

事實上,長久以來尤其以科技公司為代表的美國企業,多由外國人創辦。凱鵬華盈創投基金(KPCB)的報告顯示,美國TOP25家科技公司有1/4是第一、二代移民創辦;財富500強(Fortune 500)企業則有四成為移民或移民子女創立。

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