放眼天下 地球上的超級火山(組圖)

地球上的超級火山(組圖)

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看地球上這些超級火山,可能會危及世界從危險的岩漿流到潛在的災難性大海嘯,火山噴發的後果是相當可怕的。我們完全可以想象的到,這些火山噴發有可能強大到足以毀滅我們的世界。無論是將城市從地圖上抹去還是給國家帶來經濟損失,我們對它們都毫無辦法。接下來所列舉的六座火山都有一個共同的特徵:它們的噴發有可能永久性的改變地球樣貌。

意大利的維蘇威火山

臭名昭着的維蘇威火山自從在公元79年摧毀了龐貝城之後,已經噴發了大約30次。火山學家稱,這一次噴發的危險可能是災難性的,很可能將那不勒斯從地圖上抹去,並且讓300萬人處於危險中。

美國懷俄明州黃石公園火山

在美國黃石國家公園下方6英里(約9.6公里)就坐落着一個300英里(約482公里)寬的岩漿池,這是世界上最大的超級火山之一。這座火山非常危險,它的噴發很可能導致地球樣貌發生永久性改變。

日本九州島的愛拉火山

在下個世紀之內,日本的一場巨大火山噴發有可能給國家人口帶來毀滅性打擊。這是神戶大學火山專家Keiko Suzuki和Yoshiyuki Tatsumi在2014年的一項研究中發出的可怕警告。幸運的是,在未來百年內,這座火山只有1%的機會發生超級噴發。

日本本州島的富士山

距離東京不到152公里就坐落着日本標誌性的富士山,日本氣象局警告稱這座火山正處於噴發的危險中。富士山上一次在1707年的噴發還帶來了一場8.7級的地震。附近的居民遭受到燃燒灰燼的襲擊,東京所在地也被5厘米厚的火山灰覆蓋。

西班牙加那利群島的康伯利維亞火山

這座火山可能在150年內再次噴發,噴發將產生長達15英里長的熔岩流並引發超級海嘯,一連串的巨浪將吞沒加那利群島,並隨後向非洲蔓延。海嘯的巨浪時速可達到500英里,襲擊摩洛哥的海浪將高達300英尺(約91米)。

冰島的卡拉火山

2010年冰島南部埃亞菲亞德拉火山噴發出的巨大火山帶導致歐洲航班停航。事實上,埃亞菲亞德拉火山噴髮帶來的威脅或許只有卡拉火山下一次噴發的十分之一。當卡拉火山噴發時,快速融化的冰川水將從冰島的東部海岸進入大西洋,極有可能帶來一場史詩級的洪水。

(責任編輯:肖凡)

(文章來源:網絡轉載)

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