文学艺术 新三才精华回顾:敦煌「双头...

新三才精华回顾:敦煌「双头佛像」的由来

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【新三才精华回顾】参观过敦煌莫高窟的人,会看到第237窟中,中唐时彩绘双头佛像。虽历经一千多年,佛像依然色彩斑斓,形象逼真,令人敬仰。说起来这还有一段感人至深的故事呢。

古印度犍驮罗国有两个笃信佛法的人,都很贫穷。但他们每时每刻都在想着,多出力挣钱,实现他们一生最大的理想——在庙堂中用自己的钱,彩绘一尊佛像,以此来表达敬佛的诚意。他们起早贪黑,一个人干两个人的活,省吃俭用,就这样辛辛苦苦地过了几年,各自积攒了一枚小小的金钱。

这一天,两个人高高兴兴的来到庙里,请求一位画工给他彩画佛像,发抖的手捧着自己用血汗换来的小金钱,对画工至诚地说:「好心的画工师傅,我们很早就希望能彩画一尊佛祖金容,可是,我们总是穷的衣不蔽体,食不果腹,这几年靠当雇工攒了一个小钱。看来,我这一生再也无法有更多的积蓄了,就用这两枚钱请你给我们各自画一尊佛像吧。」画工想,这两枚连买颜料都不够啊!怎能画两尊佛像呢?但是被他们的赤诚所感动,也就不再讨价还价,答应了他们的要求。

画工搭上自己的钱,购买上等丹青,独具匠心的构思,拿出最高技艺,要把两个穷人的衷心诚意凝聚溶入一幅小小的画像中。如此一想,他就感到从来没有像现在如此流畅,佛的形像从来也没有像现在笔下的这样逼真,他全神贯注挥笔绘画,不几天就完工了。看着殊胜庄严的佛像,竟不敢相信是自己的手笔,一心为了穷兄弟,自己能画出这样的精彩的佛像而感到无限的欣慰。

过了十几天,两个穷人高兴地来观像礼佛。画工指着他的得意之作说:「兄弟,这就我为你们画的佛像,你们一定会满意的。」两个穷人看着,相对而视,不发一言。画工看出了他们的心理活动,向他们解释道:「我们都是穷兄弟,我没贪你们的钱,说实话,两个钱不够这幅像的颜料钱,更不说工钱了。我是把我的心意和技巧都融化在佛像上了。」

话音未落,奇蹟出现了,只见佛像放射出耀眼的光芒,形成一轮金色的光环,照亮了整个庙堂。他们更惊奇的是,看见佛像在徐徐移动,分成两个一模一样的佛,交相辉映,奇彩眩目。过了一会儿,渐渐的合二为一,定格成为一幅两个佛头共处一身的奇异妙像,殊胜无比。画工和两个穷人跪倒在地,顶礼膜拜。之后,三个人都皈依佛法,在此庙里出家修行了。

从此,在这个寺庙,瞻仰双头佛像的善男信女络绎不绝,香火常年不断。

来源:《大西域记卷二》

责任编辑:姜启明

文章来源:新三才

【新三才精华回顾,为您精选、品味精华、回顾精彩,转载请注明新三才】

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