时事万象 川普政府紧缩申请庇护移民制...

川普政府紧缩申请庇护移民制度

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【新三才编译首发】川普政府宣布了新行动,限制移民在美墨边境寻求庇护的能力。11月8日下午,代理检察长马修·惠特克(Matthew Whitaker)和国土安全部部长克尔斯滕·尼尔森(Kirstjen Nielsen)宣布了新的行政行动。

「我们的庇护制度不堪重负,因为外国人给我们的资源带来了巨大的负担,导致我们无法庇护,这使我们无法迅速向真正应得的人提供庇护。」惠特克在声明中表示。11月7日杰夫·塞申斯(Jeff Sessions)被解雇后,目前司法部由惠特克代理。

新的临时规则适用于未来的总统公告,并不具有追溯力。

川普总统不断指责美国的庇护规则刺激数千名中美洲移民来到这个国家。移民成为周二中期选举的一个关键焦点,部分原因是川普继续对中美洲移民的大篷车发表评论。

根据规则,此一新的庇护限制将不会生效,直到川普发布公告。

根据该规则,想要寻求庇护的移民必须在美国——墨西哥边境的官方入境口岸进行寻求庇护。

规则说,只有那里「以受控,有序和合法的方式处理它们」。

目前,美国允许移民申请庇护,无论他或她如何进入该国——在入境口岸或非法入境。

1965年的「移民和国籍法」规定,任何抵达美国的外国人「无论是否在指定的抵达港口」都可以申请庇护,美国于1951年签署的联合国条约规定难民有权寻求庇护,免受其本国的迫害。

国际和美国团体在宣布后数小时内批评该计划。在奥巴马政府期间,民主党总统采取了影响移民水平的行政行动,共和党人认为这违反了1965年的法案,因为只有国会才能设定这些水平。

尼尔森和惠特克在宣布川普行动合法的公告后发表了联合声明。声明说:「根据我们的移民法,如果外国人认为外国人为了符合国家利益的利益,则有权暂停或限制外国人进入美国。」

该规则规定川普可以根据「移民和国籍法」第212(f)条使用其授权,宣布某些移民没有资格获得庇护,因为「国家利益可能会对美国的外交事务产生重大影响」。

尼尔森说,西南边境的五分之四的寻求庇护者不符合进入美国的标准。

(编译:王明真)

(责任编辑:姜启明)

(文章来源:新三才编译首发)

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