国际要闻 失乐园:加州大火吞没「天堂...

失乐园:加州大火吞没「天堂」

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【新三才编译首发】11月8日,美国加州北部27,000人的天堂镇被爆炸性的「坎普野火」(Camp Fire)蹂躏,据初步报告显示,整个城镇基本上已被消毁,有居民死亡或被严重烧伤来试图逃离地狱。

据美联社报导,「天堂镇几乎全被摧毁,这就是那种破坏。」CALFIRE队长斯科特·麦克莱恩(Scott McLean)说道。麦克莱恩估计火灾已经摧毁了数千座建筑物,这些建筑物将立即将「坎普野火」作为加州历史上最具破坏性的火灾记录之一。该州发生的九起最严重的火灾中,每起至少烧毁了1,000栋建筑物,其中前三名的火灾达到了2,000栋。

无论它排名多前面,很明显,「坎普野火」已经不可逆转地改变了成千上万站在或仍然站在路上的人们失乐园:生活。这起火灾始于Plumas国家森林,11月8日凌晨6:30左右首次被报导。它向西行进,然后开始爆发。至当天上午9点30分,它就烧毁了至少5,000英亩。十一个小时后,烧毁的总面积达到了至少20,000英亩,强风吹过干燥景观的火焰更助长火势。

天堂镇就坐落在被烧毁的土地中间。随着火灾全面展开,造成了无法形容的恐怖场面。火灾发生的速度让居民措手不及,官员报告说,随着「坎普野火」袭击城镇,废弃的汽车和人们在当地商店逃跑。

发布在社交媒体上的视频显示了人们在火焰和烟雾中行驶的令人震惊镜头。

当火焰终于被扑灭并且居民能够返回天堂镇时,他们会发现一个与他们逃离时截然不同的地方。他们将面临越来越多的加州人不得不面对的困境:重建或离开。在气候变化使野火季节更长,火灾更具破坏性的世界中,前者是一个越来越令人痛苦的主张。

沿着天堂镇道路的画面也开始陆续出现,让人们可以一睹疏散时所难以想像的恐怖事件。道路上到处都是匆匆忙忙被抛弃的废弃汽车,以及被烧毁的森林。据报导,数以千计的房屋被摧毁,三名消防员受伤。

目前加州有3场野火正在蔓延,除了肆虐天堂镇的「坎普野火」,还有位在南部文图拉郡(Ventura County)的「伍尔西大火」(Woolsey Fire)和「希尔大火」(Hill Fire)。

加州南部目前有25万人被迫撤离,而火势也不断移动到马里布(Malibu)和邻近的社区,当地住着许多好莱坞大明星。今年7月底,加州才经历史上最大型的「门多西诺复合野火」(Mendocino Complex Fire),被烧毁的土地面积超过10个旧金山。当局花了约1.5个月的时间,才在9月18日将大火完全扑灭。

(编译:王明真)

(责任编辑:姜启明)

(文章来源:新三才编译首发)

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