国际要闻 彭斯结束亚洲行 美磨剑待中...

彭斯结束亚洲行 美磨剑待中

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【新三才编译首发】美国副总统迈克·彭斯在11月18日结束了为期一周的印度——太平洋地区之旅,虽然唐纳德·特朗普总统即将在两周后和中国国家主席习近平举行超级大国贸易战中的正式会谈,但美中之间的紧张局势仍持续加剧。

周日,亚太经济合作组织首脑会议的21个成员国离开了巴布亚新几内亚,最后并未达成公报。一位参与谈判的美国官员表示,中国是唯一一个不支持拟议共识的国家。

「这有点令人担忧,看来中国没有任何意图想达成共识。」这位美国官员表示,他拒绝接受有关会议破裂是因为美中之间裂痕的报导。「这是在20个国家和中国之间——而不只是美国和中国。」这位官员补充说。

巴布亚新几内亚总理彼得·奥尼尔(Peter O’Neill)表示,「整个世界都担心」中国和美国之间的紧张关系。奥尼尔在确认没有领导人的公报后,向围绕着他的一群记者发表讲话。

加拿大总理贾斯汀·特鲁多也说:「我不认为有不同的愿景会让人感到意外。这些都阻止了对公报的全面共识。」

在本周的过程中,彭斯一再提出特朗普与习近平本月晚些时候将在阿根廷举行的G20峰会上举行正式会谈。但周日在一份非约束性公报中的摊牌,以及彭斯和习近平周六在亚太经合组织发表的决斗性讲话,对双方如何能够在谈判中取得进展留下了很多怀疑。

彭斯周日告诉记者,他周末与习近平发表过两次「简短而坦诚的谈话」。彭斯说,美国有兴趣建立一个更好的关系,「但来自中国方面必须有改变」,他说对话很重要。「但是,在中国改变方式之前,美国不会改变方向。」

彭斯一方面向中国开炮,同时也提供该地区其他成员国的替代方案。「让大家知道美国提供了更好的选择。」他说。「我们不会让我们的伙伴陷入债务危机之中。我们不会强迫或损害你们的独立性。美国公开、公平地进行交易。我们不提供收缩带或单行道。」

彭斯呼吁中国撤回其在南中国海的军事扩张,处理其侵犯人权行为,并在追求其「中国制造2025」计划时停止窃取美国知识产权。

美国誓言在2017年退出跨太平洋伙伴关系后,将重点放在建立双边贸易协定上。「我们待在这里。」彭斯告诉记者说,美国正在进行美日之间新协议的谈判。

本周,彭斯还致力于推动美国的新投资计划,包括与几个盟友国合作,投资巴布亚新几内亚的电力基础设施,到2030年将为该国70%的人口提供足够的电力。

特朗普政府坚持认为,它不会退出与中国的对峙。

美国在3月份发起了贸易战,对中国的钢铁和铝实施关税。特朗普引用了两国之间庞大的贸易逆差。今年夏天,特朗普政府对2,500亿美元的中国商品征收关税,并有可能将其加倍。与此同时,习近平对美国产品的600亿美元关税进行了报复。

两国现在都正在为阿根廷的正式会谈做准备。

(编译:王明真)

(责任编辑:姜启明)

(文章来源:新三才编译首发)

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前一篇文章川普政府否认卡绍吉案已得出结论
下一篇文章会发光的蝴蝶

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