史海钩沉 美国第41任总统老布什逝世...

美国第41任总统老布什逝世,享年94岁

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【新三才编译首发】1989年至1993年期间担任美国总统的乔治·H·W·布什(人们习惯称为老布什),也就是美国总统乔治·W·布什的父亲,也是二战老兵和前中央情报局局长,于11月30日去世,享年94岁。

老布什于当天晚上10点10分在德克萨斯州休斯顿去世。据他的发言人Jim McGrath表示,葬礼安排将「尽快公布」。老布什近年来的健康状况不佳,但在90岁生日时还能够跳降落伞。在他生命的最后一周,前总统巴拉克·奥巴马(Barack Obama)访问了他,并与他建立了温暖的关系。

前总统乔治·W·布什在一份声明中说:「杰布、尼尔、马文、多罗和我很遗憾地宣布,经过94年的辉煌岁月,我们亲爱的爸爸已经去世了。乔治H.W.布什是一个性格崇高的人,也是儿子或女儿可以要求的最好的父亲。整个布什家庭都非常感激他的生命和爱,感谢那些关心和祈祷爸爸的人,以及我们朋友和同胞的哀悼。」

乔治·H·W·布什出生于1924年,曾担任美国第41任总统,任期一届。1992年竞选连任时输给比尔·克林顿(Bill Clinton),以及担任罗纳德·雷根(Ronald Reagan)总统的第43任副总统。他是康涅狄格州参议员普雷斯科特·布什(Prescott Bush)的儿子,并成为他共和党家族的族长,他是前总统乔治·W·布什和前佛罗里达州州长杰布·布什(Jeb Bush)的父亲。

在他多变的政治生涯中,他曾担任德克萨斯州议员、联合国大使、驻华大使和共和党全国委员会主席。作为总统,他指挥美国军队在成功的波湾战争中取得了胜利,并签署1990年美国残疾人法案和1990年的移民法案。他任命了两名最高法院法官,并在创建北美自由贸易协定方面发挥了不可或缺的作用。他主持了冷战的结束、苏联的解体以及南非种族隔离的崩溃。

在进入政坛之前,他从菲利普斯学院毕业后不久就进入美国海军服役,并且在第二次世界大战中作战。他一度是美国最年轻的海军飞行员。

1944年9月20岁时,他的飞机在太平洋被击落。他参加了对东京以南700英里的小岛Chichijima的猛烈袭击,并且是唯一能够逃避日本人捕获的飞行员。战争结束后,他与芭芭拉·皮尔斯(Barbara Pierce)结婚,皮尔斯毕业于耶鲁大学,后来成为一名受欢迎的第一夫人。

他的长期婚姻是现代政治中最引人注目的婚姻之一。在4月份给她的悼词中,杰布·布什在他们的婚礼纪念日上读了一封父亲给他母亲的情书。「我爬上了世界上最高的山峰,但即使这样也不能因此就可以成为芭芭拉的丈夫。」布什从父亲的信中读到。

布什主导了美国在波湾战争中的迅速胜利,也就是知名的「沙漠风暴行动」。该行动让伊拉克撤出科威特,也让他的支持率达到了90%。

但对于他的外交成功,布什被视为对国内事务毫无建树。他违背了不提高税收的承诺,因此激怒了保守派。由于1990年至91年的经济衰退,他失去了大部分的民众支持,引此而连任失利。

(编译:王明真)

(责任编辑:姜启明)

(文章来源:新三才编译首发)

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