图文品牌 在黑海底部发现史上最古老的...

在黑海底部发现史上最古老的沉船

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【新三才编译首发】据美国福斯新闻网(Foxnews)报导,研究人员在黑海(Black Sea)海底发现一艘沉船,它堪称是史上最古老的沉船。

「黑海海事考古专案」(The Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project)日前宣布:在保加利亚(Bulgaria)的海岸附近1.2英里的深处发现一艘古希腊商船。这些专家们已经花了3年的时间,勘查过整个772平方英里的黑海了。

该专案负责人是来自英国南安普敦大学(University of Southampton)的亚当斯(Jon Adams)教授,他在一份声明中表示,其团队在超过2公里(1.2英里)的水底,意外发现一艘完好无大损坏的古老沉船,它将改变我们对古代造船和航海技术的理解。

他还表示,深海中的无氧条件使这艘沉船得以保存良好,甚至可以长达数千年。由其碳含量推算,这艘沉船已有超过2,400年之久的历史。黑海素以其缺氧(无氧化)层而被公认为世界上最能完整保存文物的水下实验室之一。

据悉,这艘沉船是在2017年底被发现的。

上图为斯达摩斯陶瓶(Stamnos),描绘古希腊勇士尤利西斯(Odysseus)被绑在桅杆上,听着女海妖赛莲(Siren)魅人的歌声,仍安全渡海。(西元前480年。希腊,雅典)

科学家在黑海中还发现60艘古代船舶。

此外,专家们还在黑海的「死区」(Dead Zone)中发现,由40艘船组成的神秘船队。这些专家涵盖海洋考古学家、科学家、测量师,旨在揭开黑海的神秘面纱。

他们在研究中采用石油公司才有的探堪技术,发现60多艘沉船的残骸,其中包括一个17世纪的哥萨克(Cossack)舰队和载运密封酒罐的罗马贸易船舶。

(作者:James Rogers)

(译者:汪水)

(文章来源:新三才编译首发)

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