古典音乐 莫札特鋼琴協奏曲第22號

莫札特鋼琴協奏曲第22號

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The Piano Concerto No. 22 in E flat major, K. 482, is a concertante work for piano, or pianoforte, and orchestra by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart composed the concerto in December of 1785.

This is the first piano concerto of Mozart’s to include clarinets in its scoring. It has the following three movements:

1. Allegro

2. Andante

3. Allegro

Roger Kamien and Naphtali Wagner have analysed in detail Mozart’s use of bridge themes in the exposition of the concerto’s first movement. Simon Keefe has analysed the character of the dialogue between the soloist and the orchestra in the concerto’s first movement. The slow second movement in C minor recalls similar slow C minor movements in other Mozart E-flat major concertos such as K.271 and K.364. Mozart’s father, in a famous letter to Maria (“Nannerl”), expressed surprise that a call was made for the slow movement (“a rather unusual occurrence!”) to be repeated. In the rondo finale, the main theme resembles that of Mozart’s third horn concerto (K.447). Adena Portowitz has noted similar features between the finale of the K.271 and K.482 concerti. In another similarity to K.271, the finale is interrupted by a lengthy and slow minuet episode before returning to the main theme for a lively finish (also recalling Count Almaviva’s adagio pleadings for forgiveness leading to a buffa conclusion in Le Nozze di Figaro- a work that Mozart was working on at this time).The treatment is different here (variations in the ninth, an episode only, here). M. S. Cole has noted that the concerto’s finale marks Mozart’s last use of potpourri in his compositions.

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